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The terms and definitions in this glossary are from the Dictionary of Terms produced by the Refugee Sponsorship Training Program.

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RAP Service Provider Organization (RAP SPO)

A non-governmental organization funded by IRCC to provide a range of settlement and adaptation services in Canada directly to GARs, including refugees sponsored under the JAS program.


Reception is defined in the Sponsorship Agreement and Undertaking as meeting the refugee upon arrival in the community of resettlement or, when applicable, making arrangements for the refugee's transportation from the closest domestic airport to the community of resettlement.

Reception Services

Refers to initial assistance provided to newcomer refugees upon arrival at point of entry airports by organizations such as MNS-IRIS at Toronto Pearson Airport, and CANN at Vancouver International Airport. 

Referral organization

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations define a referral organization as:

  • the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; or
  • any organization with which the Minister has entered into a memorandum of understanding.


Refugees are people who are forced to leave their country of origin in order to seek protection and safety in another country. Refugees are defined and protected in international law. The 1951 Refugee Convention is a key legal document and defines a refugee as:  “someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.”  

Refugee Sponsorship Training Program (RSTP)

The RSTP is a program designed to support the Sponsorship Agreement Holders (SAHs) of Canada, their Constituent Groups, Groups of Five and Community Sponsors interested in sponsoring refugees. The objective of RSTP is to address, on a national level, the information and ongoing training needs of the sponsorship community and the initial information needs of refugees. RSTP is funded by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).


Resettlement refers to resettlement to a third country. It is a durable solution for refugees without local integration prospects. Resettlement may also be used as an instrument of protection geared primarily to the special needs of refugees whose life, liberty, safety, health or fundamental human rights are at risk in the country where they sought refuge.

Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP)

A contribution program established by IRCC that provides basic income support and essential services for refugees who have been admitted to Canada as Government-assisted refugees. Refugees resettled under the BVOR program receive income support from the Government of Canada through the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) for 6 months after their arrival (during months 2-7).

Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) Rates

In January 2018, IRCC adopted prevailing provincial RAP rates as the guideline for private sponsors to calculate settlement support funding. Prior to 2018, sponsors were expected to refer to prevailing provincial social assistance rates. This change was intended to align private sponsorship of refugees (PSR) minimum settlement funding with the allowances received by Government assisted refugees (GARs)See RSTP website for current rates and the Minimum Financial Support Calculator.

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