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N

Non-accompanying family member

A non-accompanying family member is defined as a dependent family member of a refugee who is separated from the family unit due to circumstances beyond his/her control and is unable to travel with the principal applicant. [Refer to Section 141 of IRPR.]

O

OP 17 - Loans

OP 17 LOANS outlines the procedures for determining eligibility and approving loans and contributions, making alternative arrangements, counselling loan applicants and administering the loan forms; it has undergone various updates, the most recent of which occurred in May 2014.

This chapter covers how to determine the eligibility of applicants to receive:

  • admissibility loans;
  • assistance loans;
  • Right of Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF) loans; and
  • transportation loans.

This chapter also discusses:

  • the collection of loan payments; and
  • how to complete the IMM forms.



OP22

A chapter of the IRCC Overseas Processing Manual that provides an understanding of the process for judicial reviews of decisions made under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act for which no specific right of appeal exists. This chapter deals specifically with overseas files that are subject to judicial review.

OP5

A chapter of the IRCC Overseas Processing Manual that explains the policy and procedures for the refugee resettlement program abroad including the selection of government-assisted refugees (GARs) and privately sponsored refugees (PSRs).

OYW

Refers to the One Year Window of Opportunity provision. This is a regulatory mechanism that allows non-accompanying family members to submit an application and be eligible to be processed in the same class and category as the principal applicant (PA) for up to one year following the PA's arrival in Canada. All family members must be identified on the PA's application form. For more details refer to Paragraph 141(1) (b) of IRPR, IP3 and OP5.

P

Permanent Residence

A person with permanent residence:has been granted landing under previous legislation or permanent residence under IRPA; has not been granted Canadian citizenship has not ceased to be a permanent resident

Port of Entry (POE)

Legal point of entry into Canada, staffed by IRCC employees. Most POEs are at international airports, legal border crossing checkpoints with the United States and at lake and coastal seas ports

Prima Facie

A Latin expression meaning on its first encounter or at first sight. It signifies that on first examination, a matter appears to be self-evident and, unless rebutted, would be sufficient to prove a particular proposition or fact (Wikipedia). 



Principal agreement

The Agreement negotiated between IRCC and the SAH Community

Principal Applicant

For a single applicant, it is that one person. For spouses, common law partners including those with children, it is the person with the strongest claim to persecution.

R

RAP Service Provider Organization (RAP SPO)

A non-governmental organization funded by IRCC to provide a range of settlement and adaptation services in Canada directly to GARs, including refugees sponsored under the JAS program.

Reception

Reception is defined in the Sponsorship Agreement and Undertaking as meeting the refugee upon arrival in the community of resettlement or, when applicable, making arrangements for the refugee's transportation from the closest domestic airport to the community of resettlement.

Reception Services

Refers to initial assistance provided to newcomer refugees upon arrival at point of entry airports by organizations such as MNS-IRIS at Toronto Pearson Airport, and CANN at Vancouver International Airport. 



Referral organization

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations define a referral organization as:

  • the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; or
  • any organization with which the Minister has entered into a memorandum of understanding.

Refugee

Refugees are people who are forced to leave their country of origin in order to seek protection and safety in another country. Refugees are defined and protected in international law. The 1951 Refugee Convention is a key legal document and defines a refugee as:  “someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.”  


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